Stages Of Gum Disease: Know the Signs

Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is one of the most common diseases of the mouth. Gum disease is caused by the development of plaque, which hardens into calculus and causes damage to your gums as well as the supporting structure of your teeth.

At North Atlanta Family Dentistry, Dr. Sandra L. Vargas and can help you understand the symptoms of gum disease so that you can get help in time.


The initial stage of gum disease is known as gingivitis. It can cause your gums to become inflamed, red, and tender and make them bleed when you are brushing your teeth. At this stage, the damage to your gums is reversible.

If you suspect you have gingivitis, call us at North Atlanta Family Dentistry and we will do not a periodontal cleaning to eliminate gum disease.


If you think gingivitis is a minor nuisance and neglect treating it, it can progress into periodontitis. During this stage, the bacteria will start growing beneath your gum line creating deep pockets between your gums and teeth. There, the bacteria will proliferate.

At this stage, your gums may be swollen and quite painful. They will also be prone to bleeding and you will also complain of bad breath. At this stage, the damage to the gum is significant. However, with quick dental intervention, we can minimize the destruction of the soft tissue.

Advanced Periodontitis

This is the last, most aggressive stage of periodontitis. It is characterized by bacterial plaque finding its way deep into your gum pockets, which may measure 6mm or more. This will cause gum recession which will expose the roots of your teeth, making your teeth appear longer.

During this stage, the damage to the gums is severe and the disease also destroys the bone and supporting structure of your teeth. This can cause your teeth to become loose and lower the density of the bone in your jaw, which can lead to complications if you require a dental restoration like a dental implant, in the future.

If treatment is neglected, you may lose your teeth.

How To Treat Gum Disease

Gum disease is a serious and chronic disease that not just adversely affects your oral health but your overall health as well. If you notice symptoms of gum disease, it is imperative that you schedule an appointment with us.

At North Atlanta Family Dentistry, we can treat your disease with deep cleaning, scaling and root planing, antiseptic medication, or minimally-invasive oral surgeries.

To schedule an appointment with us, call us at (470) 387-0500 today.